Difference between Rosh Hashanah and yom kippur

Hello friends, today we will talk about Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur in detail and what is the difference between the two. If you want to any information regarding thee auspicious occasions then you have come at the right place. Both are important occasions in Jewish tradition. Although both are pious occasions amongst the Rabbis and historically have been related, there is some difference between the two.  Let us know a bit about each of the traditions first.


Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish civil New Year. Its biblical name is Yom Teruah, literally meaning “day of shouting or blasting”. It is celebrated over two days and marks the beginning of the Jewish New Year called Tishrei. It is believed to be the day of creation of Adam and Eve. Rosh Hashanah will begin on Sunday, 29th September in 2019 and end in Tuesday, 1st October.


In the morning, a ram’s horn (called shofar) is blown on both the mornings. Then special preparations are made including sweet delicacies during day and night including Kiddush over wine and grape, round raisin bread challan bread dipped in honey, each symbolizing the hope of  a sweet beginning to the new year.


Yom Kippur falls on the 10th day of the Tishrei, or the Jewish new year. It literally means “Day of Atonement” and is considered to be the holiest day of the year according to the Jewish tradition. It is believed that during this day, God forgives all sins and purifies our soul. Traditionally Jewish people celebrate this day by observing fasting and prayer for 25 hours in a synagogue.


Now let us come to the differences. Although the central theme of both the occasions is repentance, there is a significant amount of difference between the two. The mood around Rosh Hashanah is celebratory and everyone wishes each other for a sweet start to the new year.


The other difference is regarding the festive delicacies. While people eat sweet delicacies such as apple dipped in honey, Kiddush over wine and grape and other sweet delicacies, hoping that they have a sweet beginning to the new year.


But during Yom Kippur, the overall mood is solemn and mostly all the Jewish people observe a fast of 25 hours along with prayers. It is called the sabbaths of the sabbaths. According to the Jewish traditions, God judges people during the period of 10 days starting from Rosh Hashanah leading up to Yom Kippur, and people are encouraged to make amends and seek repentance by offering prayers 5 times during the day in the holy temple of Jerusalem. It is believed that God writes peoples name in the Book of  Life on the day of Rosh Hashanah, and decides the fate 10 days after, on Yom Kippur. Hence every Jew hopes that they can make amends and God writes their name in the Book of Life.


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